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Expanding the Horizons
16-17 July 2007

Speaker Biographies

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Director J.M. McConnell
Director of National Intelligence

J.M. McConnell was sworn in as the nation's second Director of National Intelligence on February 13, 2007.

Before his nomination as DNI, McConnell had served as a Senior Vice President with the consulting firm Booz Allen Hamilton, focusing on the Intelligence and National Security areas.

From 1992 to 1996, McConnell served as Director of the National Security Agency (NSA). He led NSA as it adapted to the multi-polar threats brought about by the end of the Cold War. Under his leadership, NSA routinely provided global Intelligence and Information Security Services to the White House, Cabinet officials and the Congress in addition to a broad array of military and civil intelligence customers. He also served as a member of the Director of Central Intelligence senior leadership team to address major intelligence programmatic and substantive issues from 1992 until 1996.

Prior to his service at NSA and during Desert Shield/Storm and the dissolution of the Soviet Union, McConnell worked as the Intelligence Officer (J2) for the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Secretary of Defense.

In 1996, McConnell retired as a Vice Admiral in the U.S. Navy after 29 years of service - 26 as a career Intelligence Officer. He holds a M.P.A. from George Washington University, is a graduate of the National Defense University (Global Telecom), the National Defense Intelligence College (Strategic Intelligence), and holds a B.A. in Economics from Furman University. In addition to many of the nation's highest military awards for meritorious service, he holds the nation's highest award for service in the Intelligence Community. He also served as the Chairman and CEO of the Intelligence and National Security Alliance.

McConnell was born on July 26, 1943 in Greenville, South Carolina where he lived, grew up and first attended college. He is married to Terry McConnell and together they have four children and six grandchildren.

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Ms. Frances Fragos Townsend
Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism

Ms. Frances Fragos Townsend was appointed Homeland Security Advisor by the President on May 28th, 2004. Ms. Townsend chairs the Homeland Security Council and reports to the President on United States Homeland Security policy and Combating Terrorism matters. She previously served as Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy National Security Advisor for Combating Terrorism.

Ms. Townsend came to the White House from the U. S. Coast Guard, where she had served as Assistant Commandant for Intelligence. Prior to that, Ms. Townsend spent 13 years at the U. S. Department of Justice in a variety of senior positions, her last assignment as Counsel to the Attorney General for Intelligence Policy. Ms. Townsend began her prosecutorial career in 1985, serving as an Assistant District Attorney in Brooklyn, New York. In 1988, she joined the United States Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York where she focused on international organized crime and white-collar crime cases. In 1991, she worked in the Office of the Attorney General to assist in establishing the newly created Office of International Programs, the predecessor to the Executive Office for National Security. In December 1993, she joined the Criminal Division where she served as Chief of Staff to the Assistant Attorney General and played a critical part in establishing the Division's international training and rule of law programs.

From November of 1995 to November of 1997, Ms. Townsend was Director of the Office of International Affairs in the Criminal Division, which serves as the U. S. Central Authority for extradition and mutual legal assistance, and works with the Department of State in the negotiation of international law enforcement treaties. In November of 1997, Ms. Townsend was appointed as Acting Deputy Assistant Attorney General, Criminal Division, where she oversaw international law enforcement and training matters in the Criminal Division, and acted as an advisor to the Attorney General and Deputy Attorney General on international law enforcement policy.

In March of 1998, Ms. Townsend was appointed Counsel for Intelligence Policy, managing matters related to national security policy and operations for the Department of Justice. In this capacity she headed the office of Intelligence Policy and Review, an office that provides legal advice and recommendations to the Attorney General and the Department of Justice regarding national security matters, reviews executive orders, directives and procedures relating to the intelligence community, and approves certain intelligence-gathering activities, especially those matters related to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.

After three years of study, Ms. Townsend graduated cum laude from the American University in 1982 where she received a B.A. in Political Science and a B.S. in Psychology. Ms. Townsend received her J.D. from the University of San Diego School of Law in 1984. In 1986, she attended the Institute on International and Comparative Law in London, England.

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The Honorable Bob Kerrey
President, The New School (Former Senator from Nebraska)

Since 2001, Bob Kerrey has been president of The New School, a university founded on strong democratic ideals and daring educational practices, and well-suited for his leadership.

Throughout his career in public service, while serving as a governor and U.S. senator from Nebraska during the 1980s and 1990s, Bob Kerrey advocated for increased education spending. He continues to do so, recognizing that democratic life flourishes most when all citizens are properly educated and given every chance to participate in the political process. In his view, the United States has an obligation to work with the rest of the world to expand opportunities for all people. That is why he supports active diplomacy, foreign aid and free trade. Such support led him to serve on the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and to become an active member of the 9/11 Commission.

As president of The New School, Bob Kerrey has implemented a powerful strategy for change and development consistent with the university's historic academic mission and responsive to the needs of the twenty-first century. Recognizing The New School's strengths in design, liberal arts, the social sciences and the visual and performing arts, he is transforming the university.

Under his leadership, The New School is undergoing an unprecedented period of growth. Enrollment and full-time faculty have increased significantly, with the undergraduate population alone increasing by over 40 percent to 5,000 degree students. Since 2001, a record $198 million has been raised for scholarships, professorships, capital projects, major conferences and cutting-edge research. Plans are now underway for the largest space expansion in the university's history. A new signature building at 65 Fifth Avenue will embody the ahead-of-the-curve vision of The New School.

Also unprecedented is the current collaboration among deans and faculty across disciplines to develop university-wide undergraduate and graduate programs. This "new" New School will respond to the demands of globalization and give students the tools to compete in an increasingly interconnected world.

During President Kerrey's tenure, the university has made great progress in its international efforts. Its expanding graduate program in International Affairs matriculates nearly 300 students from 34 countries who work directly with high-profile practitioners and scholars. Additionally, the university has launched the India China Institute, a think-tank with major outposts in New York, Mumbai and Beijing; and the Tishman Environment and Design Center, which is developing a forward-thinking environmental studies program.

Along with his duties as president of The New School, Bob Kerrey leads a five-year writing challenge sponsored by The National Commission on Writing in America's Schools and Colleges and is co-chair with Newt Gingrich of The National Commission for Quality Long-Term Care. He is a recipient of the Robert L. Haig Award for Distinguished Public Service from the New York State Bar Association, an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from New York Law School, as well as the Distinguished Nebraskan Award and numerous other citations.

In 2002, President Kerrey published a widely praised memoir, When I Was A Young Man.

Bob Kerrey was educated in pharmacy at the University of Nebraska. He served three years in the United States Navy. After his military service and prior to entering political life, he started a chain of restaurants and health clubs in Nebraska, Iowa and Kansas..

He is married to Sarah Paley and lives in New York City. The couple has a son, Henry, born September 10, 2001. Mr. Kerrey's children from his previous marriage are named Ben and Lindsey.

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The Honorable Robert R. Simmons
Connecticut's Business Advocate (Former Representative from Connecticut)

Rob Simmons is Connecticut's First Business Advocate. Nominated by Governor M. Jodi Rell and confirmed by unanimous vote of the Connecticut General Assembly in April 2007, Rob is a strong voice for business in Connecticut.

Robert R. "Rob" Simmons has spent over 40 years in public service at the local, state and federal levels.

In November 2004, the former Congressman was the first Republican to be elected to a third term in Connecticut's 2nd District since Horace Seeley-Brown in 1954 - one half century ago.

In Congress Rob served on the Armed Services, Transportation, Veterans Affairs and Homeland Security Committees. He is past Chairman of the Veterans Health Subcommittee and the Intelligence Subcommittee of Homeland Security. One of his biggest accomplishments during his time as Congressman was serving under the leadership of Governor Rell on "Team Connecticut" to save the Groton New London Sub Base from closure by the Base Realignment Advisory Commission (BRAC).

Prior to his service in Congress Rob served in the Connecticut General Assembly for ten years representing the 43rd District, which includes the towns of Stonington and North Stonington, and the villages of Mystic, Old Mystic and Pawcatuck.

Rob enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1965 as a Private, graduated from Infantry Officer Candidate School in 1967, and spent 19 months in Vietnam, where he earned two Bronze Star Medals. In 1969 he joined the Central Intelligence Agency, working as an Operations Officer for a decade, including five years on assignment overseas in East Asia.

In 1979, Rob left the CIA to join the staff of Senator John H. Chafee (R-Rhode Island). In 1981, he was assigned to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence as Senator Chafee's Professional Staff Member. He was subsequently named Staff Director of the Senate Intelligence Committee by Chairman Barry Goldwater (R-Arizona) - a position he held from November 1981 through February 1985.

On leaving the Committee, Simmons was commended by the 99th Congress with Senate Resolution 57 for "Distinguished Service to the United States of America." CIA Director William Casey also cited him for his "distinguished contribution to the intelligence community" and was awarded the CIA Seal Medallion, its highest civilian award.

Rob has served in the U.S. Army Reserve as a Military Intelligence Officer since 1970, retiring as a Colonel in 2003 with over 37 years of active and reserve service. He is past commander of the 434th Military Intelligence (MI) Detachment (Strategic) in New Haven, CT.

In 1996, Rob's unit received the Reserve Officers Association's Outstanding USAR Small Unit Award as the best small unit in the Nation. In 1998, Rob received the Knowlton Award for "Integrity, Moral Character, Professional Competence and Selflessness" in recognition of his contributions to the Military Intelligence Corps.

Rob Simmons is a 1965 graduate of Haverford College, PA, where he won six varsity letters and was captain of the cross-country and track teams. He earned a Master in Public Administration degree from Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government in 1979, where he was a Littauer Fellow.

From 1988-1992, Rob was a Teaching Assistant and pre-doctoral candidate in Political Science at the University of Connecticut in Storrs. Since 1986, he has been an Associate Fellow of Berkeley College at Yale, where he taught courses titled "Congress and the U.S. Intelligence Community" and "The Politics of Intelligence" for a decade.

In 1974, Rob Simmons married Heidi Paffard, also of Stonington. She is a public school teacher at the Regional Multicultural Magnet School in New London, CT, specializing in early childhood education and literacy.

Rob and Heidi have two grown children -- their daughter, Jane, who works in New York and their son, Robert, who lives in Boston, MA. Rob and Heidi live with their four dogs on North Main Street in Stonington, CT.

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Mr. Ted Koppel
Managing Editor, Discovery Channel

Ted Koppel is the managing editor for the Discovery Channel. In this role, he anchors and produces long form programming examining major global topics and events for the largest cable network in the United States. He joined the network in January 2006.

Ted Koppel is a 42-year veteran of ABC News. Since 1980, he was the anchor and managing editor of ABC News Nightline, one of the most honored broadcasts in television history. As the nation's longest running network daily news anchor, his interviews and reporting touched every major news story over the past 25 years.

A member of the Broadcasting Hall of Fame, Koppel has won every major broadcasting award including 40 Emmy Awards, eight George Foster Peabody Awards, 10 duPont-Columbia Awards, and two George Polk Awards. His 10 Overseas Press Club Awards make him the most honored journalist in the Club's history. He has received more than 20 honorary degrees from universities in the United States.

Before becoming Nightline anchor, Koppel worked as an anchor, foreign and domestic correspondent and bureau chief of ABC News.

A native of Lancashire, England, Koppel moved to the United States with his parents when he was 13 years old and became a U.S. citizen in 1963. Koppel speaks fluent German, adequate French, and smatterings of a half dozen other languages. He holds a Bachelor of Science from Syracuse University and an M.A. in mass communications research and political science from Stanford.

He is married to the former Grace Anne Dorney of New York City. They reside in Maryland, have four children and three grandchildren.

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Mr. David R. Shedd
Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Policy, Plans, and Requirements

Mr. David R. Shedd was named the inaugural Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Policy, Plans, and Requirements in May 2007. From June 2005 until assuming his current post, Mr. Shedd served as Chief of Staff and, later, Acting Director of the Intelligence Staff to the Director of National Intelligence. Prior to the creation of the ODNI, Mr. Shedd held intelligence policy positions at the National Security Council from February 2001 to May 2005. He served most recently as the NSC's Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Intelligence Programs and Reform. Mr. Shedd has been directly involved in the implementation of intelligence reform stemming from the 9/11 Commission report in July 2004, the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, and the WMD Commission's report to the President on March 31, 2005.

From 1984 to 1993, Mr. Shedd was posted overseas in the U.S. Embassies in Costa Rica and Mexico. David has also held a variety of senior management assignments in the U.S., including Chief of Congressional Liaison at CIA.

Mr. Shedd holds a B.A. degree from Geneva College and a M.A. degree from Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service, Latin American Studies.

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Dr. Tom Fingar
Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Analysis
Chairman, National Intelligence Council

Dr. Thomas Fingar was Assistant Secretary of the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and research (INR) from July 2004 until May 2005 when he was named Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Analysis & Chairman, National Intelligence Council. While at the state Department he served as Acting Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and research (2003-2004 and 2000-2001), Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary (2001-2003), Deputy Assistant Secretary for Analysis (1994-2000), Director of the Office of Analysis for East Asia and the Pacific (1989-1994), and Chief of the China Division (1986-1989).

His intelligence career began in 1970 as the senior German linguist in the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, USAREUR & 7th Army in Heidelberg, Germany. Between 1975 and 1986 he held a number of positions at Stanford University, including Senior research Associate in the Center for International Security and Arms Control, and Director of the University's U.S.-china Relations Program. Other previous positions include assignment to the National Academy of Sciences as Co-Director of the U.S.-china Education Clearinghouse, advisory to the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, and consultant to numerous U.S. Government agencies and private sector organizations.

Dr. Fingar is a graduate of Cornell University (B.A. in Government and History, 1968), and Stanford University (M.A., 1969 and Ph.D., 1977 both in Political Science). He is a career member of the Senior Executive Service. His principal foreign languages are Chinese and German. Dr. Fingar has published dozens of books and articles, mostly on aspects of Chinese politics and policymaking.

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Mrs. Mary Margaret Graham
Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Collection
Office of the Director of National Intelligence

In May 2005, Mary Margaret Graham was appointed as Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Collection. In this role, Mrs. Graham works on behalf of the Director of National Intelligence to coordinate and integrate the collection efforts of the 16 intelligence agencies and ensures that the DNI priorities are appropriately reflected in future planning and systems acquisition decisions.

Mary Margaret Graham recently served as the Associate Deputy Director for Operations for Counterintelligence at the Central Intelligence Agency. In her 27 years with the CIA, she has had numerous field and headquarters assignments. From 1999 to 2001, Mrs. Graham served as Chief of the Directorate of Operation's National Resources Division. She also served as the Executive Assistant to the Deputy Director of the National Security Agency.

Mrs. Graham has earned two prestigious medals for her service: the National Intelligence Medal of Achievement in 1996 and the Donovan Award in 2001.

Mrs. Graham is a graduate of Marywood College in Scranton, Pennsylvania and obtained a Masters degree in Russian Studies at The Maxwell School of Syracuse University.

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Mr. Eliot A. Jardines
Assistant Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Open Source

Eliot A. Jardines was appointed Assistant Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Open Source by Ambassador Negroponte on December 5, 2005. As the Intelligence Community's senior open source official, Mr. Jardines is responsible for developing a strategic direction, establishing policy and oversight of fiscal resources for open source exploitation. In addition, he serves as the IC's senior document and media exploitation (DOMEX) officer.

Prior to joining the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Mr. Jardines was founder and President of Open Source Publishing, Incorporated, a privately held firm that provided open source exploitation support to the public and private sectors. The firm was acquired by Radiance Technologies, Incorporated in 2005, with Mr. Jardines serving as the Director of the Radiance OSINT Division.

Mr. Jardines has twice received the 'Golden Candle Award' for open source excellence, and has testified before the US Congress on intelligence and homeland security issues. He served ten years in the US Army (reserves and on active duty), including tours at the US Army Intelligence Center and School, US Central Command, the National Ground Intelligence Center and the Defense Intelligence Agency. He was deployed to the 66th Military Intelligence Group in Augsburg, Germany during the late 1990s where he served as the unit's first open source coordinator. He also served as an adjunct faculty member at the Joint Military Intelligence Training Center in Washington, DC.

Mr. Jardines created the first open source exploitation electronic discussion list (OSPro-L), and the first professional journal dedicated to open source issues, the Open Source Quarterly. He is the author of Open Source Exploitation: A Guide for Intelligence Analysts, published by the Defense Intelligence Agency. He has also contributed to the NATO Open Source Intelligence Reader and the US Army's Open Source Intelligence Resources for the Military Intelligence Professional handbook.

Mr. Jardines was graduated from the University of New Mexico with a dual degree in political science and Latin American studies. He received a Master of Arts degree in international studies from the University of Connecticut and a Master of Science in strategic intelligence from the Joint Military Intelligence College where he was awarded the NCOA award for excellence in leadership and academics. He is currently pursuing a doctorate in executive leadership at The George Washington University.

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Mr. Douglas J. Naquin
Director, Open Source Center, Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Mr. Naquin was appointed Director of the DNI Open Source Center (OSC) on 1 November 2005. In this capacity, he is responsible for the collection, analysis, and dissemination of open source information in support of the Intelligence Community and its customers, ranging from the President to local law enforcement. The OSC operates as a hub for open source intelligence across the Intelligence Community, contributing its own products and services but also brokering other products and expertise residing inside and outside the US Government.

Mr. Naquin entered on duty with CIA in March 1979 with the Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS), subsequently serving four overseas tours in positions of increasing responsibility in Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East. In the mid-1990s, Mr. Naquin oversaw FBIS' migration to a predominantly electronic product line and directed the transformation of FBIS technical infrastructure to support an office-wide reengineering program. He went on to serve as CIA's deputy chief information officer from March 1999 through September 2002 where he helped lead the consolidation of CIA's information technology and management resources. Mr. Naquin became director of FBIS on 30 September 2002, where he led FBIS' transformation as a provider of unique open source intelligence while building its Community leadership role.

Mr. Naquin graduated from Old Dominion University with a B.A. in political science and received an M.S. degree in Foreign Service from Georgetown University. While with CIA, he attended the U.S. Army War College during the 1989-90 academic year.

Mr. Naquin has been awarded the Intelligence Commendation Medal three times, for performance as bureau chief (1991); as chief of FBIS' Engineering Group (1999); and as CIA's deputy chief information officer (2002). Federal Computer Week magazine named Mr. Naquin one of its 'Federal 100' for 2005 for being an executive from government, industry, or academia who has had significant impact on the government's information systems community.

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